Senate Bill 175 – Stand Your Ground/Duty to Retreat

Effective April 6, 2021, Governor Mike DeWine signed Senate Bill 175 into law. Prior to the enactment of Senate Bill 175, individuals had no duty to retreat when exercising self-defense in only two locations: (1) in his/her vehicle or (2) his/her residence. Ohioans may now use lethal force in self-defense anywhere they have a legal right to be. The trier of fact does not assess whether the litigant had the ability to retreat when examining the party’s assertion of self-defense. This modification is applicable to both criminal and civil tort claims regarding self-defense.